Arvand Trade-Industrial Free Zone
1) Arvand Free Zone
- a) Headquarters
- b) Tehran Office
No. 143-next to 29th St.-Khaled Eslambooli St.-Tehran
Covering 37,400 hectares, Arvand Free Zone is located in northwest of the Persian Gulf. It is composed of the cities of Abadan, Khoramshahr, and Minoodasht (Minoo Island) located at the confluence of two rivers of Arvand and Karoon. Arvand Free Zone is close to Iraq and Kuwait. It has special capacities such as land, rail, sea, and air transportation links which have made this Zone profoundly important.
A beautiful peninsula with a length of 46 kilometers and a width of 3 to 20 kilometers, Abadan is located at the entrance of the Persian Gulf, some 110 kilometers away west of Ahwaz. Abadan is the capital city of and 110 kilometers away from Ahwaz located between 30º 22´ 30´´ of northern latitude and 48º 12´ 30´´ of western longitude away from Greenwich Meridian and its height is 2 meters above the sea level. Abadan covers an area of 2,063.1 square kilometers.
Two floating rivers of Arvand and Bahmanshir have made Abadan the largest water sources in Khuzestan province. It has gained significant position in the economy of Iran due to its oil refinery, petrochemical factories, and access to high waters. Creating Arvand Trade and Industrial Free Zone in Abadan and Khoramshahr in recent years have doubled the importance and influential position of these two cities.
Khoramshahr covers an area of 23 square kilometers and it is located at the extreme southwest of Iran in Khuzestan Province, at the coastline of the Persian Gulf. Due to its proximity to the Persian Gulf and Iraq, Khoramshahr is strategically important in terms of economy, trade, and politics. This City is located at the farthest point of Khuzestan Province and its piers are in the coastline of Arvand River.
- I) Khoramshahr Port
Covering 220 hectares, Khoramshahr Port is located in the vicinity of Arvand Free Zone at the confluence of Arvand and Karoon rivers. To exucute shipping, trading, industrial, and economic activities, the Ports and Shipping Organization started its activities under the resolution 18251T/85382 passed by the Supreme Council of Trade and Industrial Free Zones on July 21, 1997. Benefitting from the huge facilities, it offers maintenance services, warehousing, and commodity production such as packaging, manufacturing, assembly, and the like to merchants, industries and mine owners and invites foreign and domestic investors to invest in this important economic zone.
- II) Abadan Port
The distance of Abadan Port from the entrance point of Arvand River is 50 miles and the Port is 15 kilometers far from Khoramshahr railway station. The Port has the capacity of transferring 300 people daily and this number would increase to 700 people in the near future. The Port can be used for 20 DWT to 5,000 DWT vessels to moor. To list advantages and potentials of this Port one can refer to these points; proximity to Iraq and Kuwait for commercial and trading exchanges to Imam Khomeini Port and commodity transit, existence of urban facilities such as hotels and closeness to airports and railways, existence of marine passenger terminal, and proximity to refinery and petrochemical factories of the city.
The Zone is located next to Shadegan International Wetland, one of the world largest wetlands. The existence of low flat lands and rivers with the largest discharges of water as well as the oldest irrigation system in the world have created beautiful landscapes there. Geopolitically-speaking, the specific natural situation of this Zone provides great opportunities for any economic activity.
Communication and Transportation
The shortest distance to the Persian Gulf is through Tehran-Khoramshahr road measuring 1001 kilometers in length. Crossing through the blessed and oil-rich land of Khuzestan, this road is specifically important. Furthermore, since Khoramshahr Port is one of the important trade ports of Iran and most of trading commodities are transported through this road, it has great economic value and credibility. Its daily average traffic is approximately 22,390 vehicles of which 13,937 are heavy and 4,853 are light vehicles.
In Iranian national communication network, railway networks are like arteries of the human body. Economic development of every country depends on the development of its communicative networks. Similarly, constructing railway networks not only provides necessary facilities for people to travel to different places but also plays fundamental roles in the highest economic level of country and creates movement to increase the amount of production in construction and improves people’s social statues. This network transfers invaluable products of the best plains of Iran to other areas of country. This national railway line crosses through Ahvaz-Andimeshk-Dorood-Arak-Qom-Tehran-Garmsar-Sari. The national railway of Iran in the south is directly connected to the high seas and transports the commodities being imported to the ports of Khuzestan. It also carries a great portion of oil and petroleum products for the domestic use and other industrial products and crops of southern parts to other parts of Iran.
Airports and Airlines of Arvand Free Zone
Second only to Mehrabad Airport in Tehran, Abadan Airport is the oldest international airport in Iran. This Airport has two runways and large lounges with the high capacity for arrival and departure of domestic and foreign passengers. Undergoing main construction changes in CIP and VIP sections, this airport is going to be in much better situation in a near future to receive cargo and passenger flights. The advantages of Abadan International Airport are as follows:
- Being able to receive gigantic passenger and cargo planes.
- Possessing the biggest mechanized cargo terminal in Iran whose construction started in 2005 and it would come to streamline in 2016.
- Abadan International Airport is separating its trade-industrial and technical sections. The above-mentioned projects would be ceded to the private sector in the near future to build markets, maintenance mills, and depot for airplanes, etc.